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Ancient China Three Sovereigns and Five Emperors

The first part of ancient china history between 2852 to 2070 BC is based on chinese mythology. The latter part from Xia dynasty onwards is based on archaeological evidence.

The Three Sovereigns are god-kings who use their powers to help the chinese civilisation while the Five Emperors are sages with great moral characters who give periods of peace during their long rule.

The Three Sovereigns and Five Emperors varies in different historical records.

Based on the "Records of the Grand Historian" by Sima Qian, the Three Sovereigns and Five Emperors are

Three Sovereigns:

Five Emperors:

In the Sovereign series, the Three Sovereigns and Five Emperors are

Three Sovereigns:

Five Emperors:

In the Shiben, the Three Sovereigns are

Three Sovereigns:

In the Baihu Tongyi, the Three Sovereigns are

Three Sovereigns:

In the Fengsu Tongyi, the Three Sovereigns are

Three Sovereigns:

In the Yiwen Leiju, the Three Sovereigns are

Three Sovereigns:

In the Tongjian Waiji, the Three Sovereigns are

Three Sovereigns:

In the Chunqiu yundou shu / Chunqiu yuanming bao, the Three Sovereigns are

Three Sovereigns:

In the Shangshu dazhuan, the Three Sovereigns are

Three Sovereigns:

In the Diwang Shiji, the Three Sovereigns are

Three Sovereigns:

In the I Ching, the Five Emperors are

Five Emperors:

In the Comments of a Recluse by Qianfulun, the Five Emperors are

Five Emperors:

In the Zizhi Tongjian Waiji, the Five Emperors are

Five Emperors:

Nuwa

Timeline:

Goddess Nuwa's Palace, Handan City, Hebei Province

Goddess Nuwa's Palace, Handan City, Hebei Province

Goddess Nuwa's Palace, Handan City, Hebei Province

Goddess Nuwa's Palace, Handan City, Hebei Province

Huang Emperor

Timeline:
2696 to 2598 BC

Shouqiu, Qufu City, Shandong Province

Shouqiu is believed to the birthplace of Huang Emperor.

Birthplace of Huang Emperor, Zhengzhou City, Henan Province

Reign of Yellow Emperor from 2696 to 2598 BC

Yan Emperor

Timeline:

Yan Emperor Mausoleum, Baoji City, Shaanxi Province

Emperor Yan is one of the forefather of Chinese. He lived around the Baoji area about 4,000 years ago.

Yan Emperor Mausoleum, Baoji City, Shaanxi Province

Baoji Yandi Temple, Baoji City, Shaanxi Province

The largest temple in China delicated to Emperor Yan.

Shaohao

Timeline:
BC

Shaohao Mausoleum, Qufu City, Shandong Province

Shaohao was the son of Huang Emperor.

Heavenly Sovereign Fu Xi

Timeline:

Taihao Mausoleum, Huaiyang County Zhoukuo City , Henan Province

Fuxi was considered the originator of the I Ching due to his reading of the Yellow River map. He was also believed to invent writing , fishing and animal trapping.

Emperor Shun

Timeline:

Emperor Shun Temple, Yongzhou City , Hunan Province

Emperor Shun Mausoleum, Yongzhou City , Hunan Province

Emperor Shun Mausoleum, Yuncheng City , Shanxi Province

This was built during the Tang Dynasty in 738.

Emperor Ku

Timeline:

Emperor Ku Mausoleum, Gaoxin Town Shangqiu City , Henan Province

Emperor Yao

Timeline:

Yao Mausoleum, Linfen City , Shanxi Province

Tai Sovereign Shennong

Timeline:

Great Temple of Yandi Shengnong , Suizhou, Hubei Province

Tai Sovereign Shennong taught the ancient chinese agriculure and use of plants as medicine.

Zhuan Xu

Timeline:

Zhuan Xu Mausoleum, Yangzhuang Village Anyang City , Henan Province

Zhuan Xu Tomb, Liaocheng City, Shandong Province

Zhu Rong

Timeline:

Zhu Rong Temple, Heng Mountain Hengyang City , Hunan Province

Sui Ren

Timeline:

Sui Ren Mausoleum, Shangqiu City , Henan Province

Gong Gong

Timeline:

Gong Gong

Gong Gong is the water god in Chinese mythology. In one of the stories, Gong Gong lost a fight with Zhu Rong, the Chinese Fire God. He then smashed his head against Buzhou Mountain. Nuwa then repaired the sky.

Heavenly Sovereign

Timeline:

Earthly Sovereign

Timeline:

Earthly Sovereign

Human Sovereign

Timeline:

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