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Prehistoric China

Prehistoric China is China in the stone age. The beginning of stone age 1,700,000 ago is the Paleolithic period when humans start to live in groups and uses stone as tools. The stone age ended in the Neolithic period. This period span from 10,000 to 2000 BC. By this time, humans live in communities, farms, rear animals and developed their own cultures and traditions. They were found mainly along yellow river and Chang Jiang.


The Neolithic cultures had been discovered across China. It lasted from 18,000 to 4,000 years ago.

Upper and Middle Yangtze River:
Lower Yangtze River:
Middle Yellow River:
Lower Yellow River:
Northeast China:
Northwest China:
Southwest China:
Southeast China:

Paleolithic Period

2,500,000 to 10,000 years ago

Lantian Man Site, Xian Lantian County

The Lantian man lived between 530,000 to 1 million years ago. The Lantian man was found in 1963. The excavation also diacovered 25 species of Gongwangling fauna fossils and stone age tools.

Peking Man Site, Zhoukuodian Fangshan District, Beijing

The Peking man lived here about 750,000 years ago. The peking man was found in 1929. Excavation in subsequent years found more evidence of human activity in the area.

Wangfujing Paleolithic Museum

The site is at the basement of Oriental Plaza. Stone tools, bones and fossils dating back 25,000 years were discovered in 1996 during construction of the building.

Yangshao Culture

Middle Yellow River
6,000 years ago

Banpo Museum, Baqiao District, Xian City, Shaanxi Province

A museum built over a neolithic settlement site discovered in 1953. They are part of the Yangshao Culture that exist between 5,000 to 3,000BC.

Neolithic Period

Lower Yellow River

Shangzhai Culture Exhibition Hall, Pinggu District, Beijing City

The exhibition hall displays the discovery from neolithic site excavations around Pinggu District.

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