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Prehistoric China

Prehistoric China is China in the stone age. The beginning of stone age 1,700,000 ago is the Paleolithic period when humans start to live in groups and uses stone as tools. The stone age ended in the Neolithic period when the Xia Dynasty started. This period span from 10,000 to 2000 BC. By this time, humans live in communities, farms, rear animals and developed their own cultures and traditions. They were found mainly along Yellow River and Chang Jiang.

Period:

The Neolithic cultures had been discovered across China. It lasted from 18,000 to 4,000 years ago.

Upper and Middle Yangtze River:
Lower Yangtze River:
Middle Yellow River:
Lower Yellow River:
Northeast China:
Northwest China:
Southwest China:
Southeast China:
Sichuan:
Taiwan:
Tibet:

Paleolithic Period

Timeline:
2,500,000 to 10,000 years ago

Yuanmou Man Site, Yuanmou County Chuxiong Prefecture Yunnan Province

The Yuanmou man lived 1.7 million years ago. The Yuanmou man was found in 1965.

Lantian Man Site, Lantian County Xian City Shanxi Province

The Lantian man lived between 530,000 to 1 million years ago. The Lantian man was found in 1963. The excavation also discovered 25 species of Gongwangling fauna fossils and stone age tools.

Peking Man Site, Zhoukuodian Fangshan District, Beijing

The Peking man lived here about 200,000 to 750,000 years ago. The peking man fossils were found in 1929. Excavation in subsequent years found more evidence of human activity in the area.

Nanjing Man Site, Jiangning District, Nanjing City, Jiangsu Province

The Nanjing man lived here about 580,000 to 620,000 years ago. The Nanjing man fossils were found in 1993 in a limestone cave.

Wangfujing Paleolithic Museum

The site is at the basement of Oriental Plaza. Stone tools, bones and fossils dating back 25,000 years were discovered in 1996 during construction of the building.

Neolithic Period Kuahuqiao Culture

Region:
Lower Yangtze River
Timeline:
6000 - 5000 BC

Kuahuqiao Culture Neolithic Site

Kuahuqiao Culture is a early Neolithic Site near Xianghu village dating back 8,000 years ago. The site is located near Qiantang River that flows in to Hangzhou Bay. It was discovered in 1970s.

Neolithic Period Hemudu Culture

Region:
Lower Yangtze River
Timeline:
5000 - 3400 BC

Hemudu Culture Culture Neolithic Site

Hemudu Culture Culture is a early Neolithic Site near Xianghu village dating back 8,000 years ago. The site is located near Qiantang River that flows in to Hangzhou Bay. It was discovered in 1970s.

Neolithic Period Majiabang Culture

Region:
Lower Yangtze River
Timeline:
5000 - 4000 BC

Majiabang Culture

This is Neolithic culture existed about 7000 years ago around the Taihu Lake area of the Yangtze River Delta region. The sites were discovered in 1959.

Neolithic Period Songze Culture

Region:
Lower Yangtze River
Timeline:
4000 - 3000 BC

Songze Culture Culture Neolithic Site

Neolithic Period Liangzhu Culture

Region:
Lower Yangtze River
Timeline:
3200 - 1800 BC

Liangzhu Museum

The Liangzhu Museum is an archaeological museum built to display the artefacts from the Neolithic Liangzhu culture. The Liangzhu culture is a prehistoric civilisation that dates back to 5000 BC. The culture was first discovered in 1936 in Hangzhou.

Liangzhu Museum

The jade artifacts was commonly found in Liangzhu sites and became one of the the symbols of the culture.

Neolithic Period Qianshanyang Culture

Region:
Lower Yangtze River
Timeline:
4300 - 4100 years ago

Qianshanyang Relic Site, Lucun Ancient Village Balidian Town Huzhou City Zhejiang Province

The site was also where the earliest silk was found.

Neolithic Period Guangfulin Culture

Region:
Lower Yangtze River
Timeline:
4100 - 3900 years ago

Guangfulin Site, Songjiang District Shanghai

A neolithic site belonging to the late stage of the Liangzhu Culture was uncovered here.

Neolithic Period Maqiao Culture

Region:
Lower Yangtze River
Timeline:
1800 - 1200 BC

Maqiao Culture Exhibition Hall, Minhang District, Shanghai

Neolithic Period Zengpiyan Culture

Region:
Southeast China
Timeline:
9,000 to 7,500 years ago

Zengpiyan Culture Site, Xiangshan District, Guilin City

Zengpiyan culture is the earliest one in Southeast China. The cave dated abck to betwwen 9,000 to 7,500 years ago. It was discovered in 1969.

Neolithic Period Hedang Culture

Region:
Southeast China
Timeline:
4,000 years ago

Hedang Beiqiu Site, Jiuxu, Henan Village, Hedang Town, Wugang Road, Shiwan Town

The site is a late Neolithic site that existed about 4000 years ago. The site was dicovered in 1997.

Neolithic Period Shangzhai Culture

Region:
North China
Timeline:
6,000 years ago

Shangzhai Culture Exhibition Hall, Pinggu District, Beijing City

The exhibition hall displays the discovery from neolithic site excavations around Pinggu District. This historic site in the museum was discovered in 1982.

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