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Mazu Temples

Mazu is the Chinese Sea Goddness. Lin Moniang was born on 23 March 960. She was from a fishing village in Meizhou Island in Putian County of present day Fujian Province. The area was under the Min Kingdom at the time. Lin Moniang had an ability to predict the weather and advised sailors and fishermen of impending bad weather. She rescued seamen caught in bad weather, help the poor and treat the sick. When she passed away in 987, people built a temple and started to worship her and pray for safety.Mazu's tomb is believed to be at the Palace of Heavenly Empress in Matsu Village, Lienchiang County. The practise started to spread along China's coast. Mazu Temples were also built by overseas Chinese to thank Mazu for safe journey.

Ming Dynasty's Admiral Zheng He credited Mazu for protecting his fleet during one of the journey.

Zheng Chenggong or Koxinga credited Mazu for her protection of his troops to sail to Taiwan to defeat the Dutch at Tainan and drove them out of Taiwan.

During the Qing Dynasty, people believed Mazu protected General Shi Lang's troops to bring Taiwan under the Qing Dynasty's control and Qing Dynasty's 1884 victory against the French at Tamsui distirct.

During the WWII, Mazu was believed to have protected the people in Taiwan during the bombing attacks.



In these cases, Mazu Temples were built to thank Mazu. Similiarly, people pray for safety before their journey to foreign land and built Mazu Temples to thank Mazu and to continue pray for safety. As a result, the Mazu Temples started to spread around the world. The main entrance of the Mazu Temple faces the sea.

It is estimated that there are about 5000 Mazu Temples around the world.

There are several names for the Mazu Temples due to the titles conferred or popluar names to address her among local communities.



Tianfei or Princess of Heaven is an official tilte conferred to Mazu by the Yuan Dynasty in 1281.

Tianhou or Queen or Empress of Heaven is an official title conferred to Mazu by the Ming Dynasty in 1683.

Tin Hau is the cantonese version of Tianhou and commonly used in Hong Kong. The chinese character remains the same.



Below is the list of 62 Mazu Temples with 57 in China and 5 around the world. The list is limited to temples that are delicated to Mazu only.

Key Matsu Temples:
East China:
North China:
East China:
Northeast China:
Central China:
South China:
Southwest China:
Northwest China:
Rest of the World:

Meizhou Island Mazu Temple

Province:
Fujian Province
Region:
East China

Meizhou Island Mazu Temple Complex

Meizhou Island Mazu Temple

Grand Matsu Temple

Province:
Taiwan Province
Region:
East China

Grand Matsu Temple

.

City: Tainan City

Province: Taiwan

Tianjin

Region:
North China

Tianfei Palace Site

City: Tianjin City Hedong District

Province: Tianjin

Tianhuo Gong Temple

The temple was first built in 1326. It is the oldest building in Tianjin city.

City: Tianjin City Nankai District

Province: Tianjin

Taiwan

Region:
East China

Ciyou Temple



Nearest Metro station: Songshan Station

City: Taipei City Songshan District

Province: Taiwan

Tianhou Temple,

City: Kaohsiung City Cijin District

Province: Taiwan

Tianhou Temple

This is the first Tianhou or Mazu Temple built in Kaohsiung 1673.

City: Kaohsiung City Cijin District

Province: Taiwan

Anping Matsu Temple

.

City: Tainan City

Province: Taiwan

Guangdong Province

Region:
South China

Nansha Tianhou Palace

The temple was first built in the Ming dynasty to worship the Goddess of Sea or Mazu. The current temple was rebuilt in 1996.

Nearest subway station: Jinzhou Station, Line 4.

City: Guangzhou City Nansha District

Prefecture: Guangzhou

Province: Guangdong Province

Chiwan Tianhou Temple

Chiwan Tianhou Temple was believed to be built to offer protection to Admiral Zheng He's fleet.

Nearest Metro Station: Taoyuan station, Line 1 Luobao Line, Walking distance

City: Shenzhen City Nanshan District

Prefecture: Shenzhen

Province: Guangdong Province

Hunan Province

Region:
Central China

Tiangong Temple

County: Zhijiang Dong Autonomous County

Prefecture: Huaihua

Province: Hunan

Hong Kong SAR

Region:
South China

Joss House Bay Tin Hau Temple

This Tin Hou Temple was built in 1266. It is the most scared, oldest and largest Tin Hou Temple in Hong Kong.The temple is a Grade I Historic Building.

District: Sai Kung District.

Hau Kok Tin Hau Temple

This Tin Hou Temple was built in 1637 by fishermen using Tuen Mun as the hub for waterway transport. The temple used to face the sea till the land reclamation. During the Ming Dynasty, the To Clan running the salt business contributed to the Temple's expansion. The villagers living in the nearby walled villages also contributed to the renovations for the temple.

District: Tuen Mun District.

Nearest MTR: Tuen Mun MTR Station. Walking distance from MTR.

Tai O Tin Hau Temple

This Tin Hau Temple in San Tsuen Tai O was first built in 1644.

District: Island District

Fung Chi Tsuen Tin Hau Temple

The Temple was built around 1684 based on the date on the bronze bell in the temple and is a Grade I Historic Building. The Temple is located in Wang Chau area.

District: Yuen Long District

Tai Tseng Wai Tin Hau Temple

This Tin Hau Temple was built in 1688. It is located in Wang Chau area

District: Yuen Long District

Tai Po Kau Hui Tin Hau Temple

This Tin Hau Temple was first built before 1691. It is a Grade III Historic Building.

District: Tai Po District

Nearest MTR: Tai Wo MTR, Public transport from MTR rquired.

Tung Tau Tsuen Tin Hau Temple

The Temple was founded in 1712 based on the date of the bell. It is a Grade III Historic Building.

District: Yuen Long District

Nearest MTR: Yuan Long MTR Station. Walking distance from MTR.

Tsuen Wan Tin Hau Temple

Tsuen Wan Town's Tin Hau Temple near the Sam Tung Uk Museum. This Tin Hau Temple was first built in 1722. It was relocated to this site in 1983. This of the a few Tin Hau Temples in Hong Kong with an archway. It is a Grade II Historic Building.

District: Tsuen Wan District

Tai Hang Tin Hau Temple

This Tin Hau Temple was built between 1662 - 1722 and is a Grade III Historic Building.

District: Tai Po District

Ha Wai Tin Hau Temple

This Tin Hau Temple was built in 1737. It is a Grade II Historic Building.

District: Tai Po District

Leung Shuen Wan Tin Hau Temple

This Tin Hau Temple was built around 1741 and is a Grade III Historic Building.

District: Sai Kung District

Causeway Bay Tin Hau Temple

The original temple can be traced back to 1747. The current temple dates back to 1868. It was built by a Hakka Tai family after they found an incense burner floating in the sea. The temple has a bell casted in 1747.

District: Eastern District.

A Declared Monument of Hong Kong.

Lei Yue Mun Tin Hau Temple

The Temple was first built in 1753 and is a Grade III Historic building.

District: Kwun Tong District

Nearest MTR: Yau Tong MTR Station. Walking distance from MTR.

Ping Yuen Tin Hau Temple

This Tin Hau Temple was first built in 1756 and is a Grade III Historic Building.

District: North District

Sai Ho Tin Hau Temple

The Tin Hau Temple is on Kat O Island. This Tin Hau Temple was first built in 1763 and is a Grade III Historic Building.

District: North District

Sha Tau Tin Hau Temple

This Tin Hau Temple was built in 1765. It is a Grade III Historic Building.

District: Tai Po District

Stanley Tin Hau Temple

The Tin Hau Temple was first built in 1767 at this site with good Fengshui. The temple has a tiger skin from one of the last tiger in Stanley in the 1940s. During WWII, two bombs hit the temple during the Japanese attack did not explore and the people sheltering in the temple were miraculously unharmed.

District: Southern District.

Cheung Chau Island Pak She Tin Hau Temple

One of the four Tin Hau Temples on the island. The Pak She Tin Hou Temple was built around 1767. It is a Grade II Historic building. High speed ferry services from Central Pier takes 35 minutes to reach the island.

District: Islands District

Fong Ma Po Tin Hau Temple

This Tin Hau Temple was built in 1768 or around 1771. It is a Grade II Historic Building.

District: Tai Po District

Kat Hing Back Street Tin Hau Temple

This Tin Hau Temple in Tai O was built in 1772 and is a Grade III Historic Buidling.

District: Island District

Cheung Chau Island Tai Shek Tin Hau Temple

There are four Tin Hou Temples on the island. The Tai Shek Tin Hou Temple was built in 1772 and is a Grade II Historic Building. High speed ferry services from Central Pier takes 35 minutes to reach the island.

District: Islands District

Tai Shu Ha Tin Hau Temple

The Temple was built in 1786 and is a Grade II Historic Building.

District: Yuen Long District

Peng Chau Tin Hau Temple

The Temple was built in 1792 and is a Grade II Historic Building.

District: Islands District

Ha Kwai Chung Tin Hau Temple

This Tin Hau Temple was founded in 1796 by villagers. The Temple was relocated to the current location in 1960.

District: Kwai Tsing District

Nearest MTR: Kwai Fong MTR Station. Walking distance from MTR.

Fan Lau Miu Wan Tin Hau Temple

The Tin Hau Temple was believed to be built in 1820 and is a Grade III Historic Building.

District: Islands District.

Chek Lap Kok New Village Tin Hau Temple

This Tin Hau Temple in Lantau Island was built in 1823 and is a Grade II Historic Buidling.

District: Island District

Hang Hau Tin Hau Temple

This Tin Hau Temple was built around 1840 and is a Grade III Historic Building.

District: Sai Kung District

Nearest MTR: Hang Hau MTR Station. Walking distance from MTR.

Shau Kei Wan Tin Hau Temple

The residents in the area used to be fishermen. The Tin Hau Temple was first built in 1845 and rebuilt in 1873 for fishermen to pray for their safety at sea.

District: Eastern District.

Aberdeen Tin Hau Temple

The Tin Hau Temple was first built in 1845 and rebuilt in 1851 and is a Grade III Historic Building.

District: Southern District.

Cha Kwo Ling Tin Hau Temple

The Temple was built during the reign of Daoguan (1821-1850) of the Qing Dynasty and is a Grade III historic building.

District: Kwun Tong District

Nearest MTR: Lam Tin MTR Station. Requires public transporrt from MTR station.

Kap Shui Mun Tin Hau Temple

This Tin Hau Temple is located along Ma Wan Main Street. It is a Grade III Historic Building and was renovated in 1860.

District: Tsuen Wan District

Yau Ma Tei Tin Hau Temple Complex Tin Hau Temple

The Temple complex houses several temples. The Tin Hou Temple was built in 1864 and a Declared Monument of Hong Kong.

District: Yau Tsim Mong District.

Nearest MTR Station: Jordan MTR Station, 8 mins walk

Sok Kwu Wan Tin Hau Temple

The temple is located in Sok Kwu Wan Village in Lamma Island was built in 1826. The Temple displayed a specimen of an Oarfish caught by local fisherman. Ferry services from Central Pier takes 35 minutes to reach the island.

District: Islands District

Yung Shue Wan Tin Hau Temple

The original temple can be traced back to 1876. The Temple in Lamma Isand has two westerns lions at the entrance after the tradtional Chinese Lions were damaged in the 1960s. It is a Grade III Historic Building.

District: Islands District.

To Kwa Wan Tin Hau Temple and Lung Mo Temple

The temple complex has two Temples. The Tin Hou Temple was built in 1885 and is a Grade III Historic Building while the Lung Mo Temple is on the right.

District: Kowloon City District. Requires public transport from MTR to the Temple.

Tsing Lung Tau Tin Hau Temple

The Tin Hou Temple was built in 1889.

District: Tsuen Wan District.

Nearest MTR: Tsuen Wan West MTR Station. Requires public transport from MTR.

Shek O Tin Hau Temple

The Tin Hou Temple was believed to be built before 1891 based on dates on some historic items in the temple. It is a Grade III Historic Building.

District: Southern District. Requires public transport from MTR to the Temple.

Tung Shan Temple

The Temple was built in 1894 and is a Grade III Historic Building.

District: Yuen Long District

Kam Tin Tin Hau Temple

The Temple was built in the 1800s and is a Grade III Historic Building.

District: Yuen Long District. Requires public transport from Kam Sheung MTR Station.

Sha Kong Tsuen Tin Hau Temple

The Temple was built in the 1800s and is a Grade III Historic Building.

District: Yuen Long District

Lung Yeuk Tau Heritage Trail Lung Yeuk Tau Tin Hau Temple

A declared Monument of Hong Kong.

District: North District

Sai Kung Tin Hau Temple

The Temple was built around 1910-1920s and is a Grade II historic building.

District: Sai Kung District

Sham Shui Po Tin Hau Temple

The Temple was built in 1901 and is a Grade III historic building.

District: Sham Shui Po District

Nearest MTR: Sham Shui Po MTR Station.

Cheung Chau Island Sai Wan Tin Hau Temple

The temple is 200 years old and has a bronze bell dated to the Qing Dynasty Qianlong era. It is a Grade III Historic Building.

District: Islands District

Muk Wu Tin Hau Temple

This Tin Hau Temple was built around 1912-13 and is a Grade III Historic Building.

District: North District

Floating Tin Hau Temple, Causeway Bay Typhoon Shelter

The temple on the Chinese Junk was founded during WWII. The original temple destroyed by the Japanese troops and fishermen contributed money to start the temple on the Chinese Junk. The floating temple has been based here since 1950 and there are now plans to built a temple on land.

District: Wan Chai District

Wong Nai Chung Tin Hau Temple

The temple was relocated to No 9 Blue Pool Road Happy Valley in 1901.

District: Wan Chai District

Nearest MTR: Chai Wan MTR Station. Public transport from MTR required.

Chai Wan Tin Hau Temple

District: Wan Chai District

Nearest MTR: Causeway Bay MTR Station. Public transport from MTR required.

Lok Fu Tin Hau Temple

District: Wong Tai Sin District

Nearest MTR: Lok Fu MTR Station. The Temple is walking distance from MTR.

Tsing Yi Tin Hau Temple

This Tin Hau Temple is famous around the district as the local residents believed the temple had protected from them from the bombing during WWII.

District: Kwai Tsing District

Nearest MTR: Tsing Yi MTR Station. Requires public transport from MTR to the Temple.

Tai Wo Hau Tin Hau Temple

This Tin Hau Temple is opposite Kwai Chung Market along Tai Wo Hau Road.

District: Kwai Tsing District

Nearest MTR: Kwai Hing MTR Station. The Temple is walking distance from MTR.

Cheung Chau Island Nam Wan Tin Hau Temple

District: Islands District

Sam Chau Ma Temple

The Tin Hou Temple was built during the late period of Qing Dynasty.

District: Tuen Mun District.

Nearest MTR: Tuen Mun MTR Station. Requires public transport from MTR.

Tai Lam Chung Tin Hau Temple

District: Tuen Mun District.

Nearest MTR: Tuen Mun MTR Station. Requires public transport from MTR.

Xiaoxiu Village Tin Hau Temple

District: Tuen Mun District.

Nearest MTR: Tuen Mun MTR Station. Requires public transport from MTR.

Sam Kung Temple Complex Tin Hau Temple

The Tin Hau Temple is one of three temples in the Temple complex.

District: Tai Po District

Nearest MTR: Tai Po Market MTR, Public transport from MTR required.

Nam Shue Wan Tin Hau Temple

The Tin Hau Temple was originally built in 1920 and rebuilt in 1972. The Mazu statue in the temple was moved to Peng Chau islands during WWII when Japan occpied Hong Kong.

District: Islands District

Nearest MTR: Tung Chung MTR, Public transport from MTR required. Walking distance from Discovery Bay

Pak Wan Tin Hau Temple

This Tin Hau Temple is at the northern beach near the pier. It was believed to be built by local pirate Cheung Po Tsai.

District: Tsuen Wan District

Singapore

Region:
Southeast Asia

Thian Hock Keng Temple

Temple of Heavenly Blessings .

District:

City:

Yueh Hai Ching Temple

Temple of the Calm Cantonese Sea.

District:

City:

Malaysia

Region:
Southeast Asia

Hainan Association & Mazu Temple

The Mazu Temple was established around 1866 by the Hainan community in Penang.

City: Penang City

State: Penang State

Japan

Region:
East Asia

Shinjuku Maso Temple

City:Tokyo Shinjuku District

Prefecture: Tokyo

Yokohama Chinatown Tianhou Temple

The temple was opened on 17 Feb 2006. It was built by the Chinatown community with donations from all over Japan.

City:Yokohama

Prefecture: Kanagawa

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