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Historic and Famous Chinese in Science

The List:

Zhang Heng

Era:
78-139
Hometown:

A famous astronomer who invented the intricate seismometer and the first water-powered armillary sphere in the world.

Zu Congzhi

Era:
Hometown:

A mathematician and astronomer who developed an estimation for pi.

Li Daoyuan

Era:
469-527
Hometown:

A geographer who wrote a book on the ancient geography of China.

Shen Kuo

Era:
960-1279
Hometown:

He was the first to describle the magnetic needle compass and the concept of magnetised material pointing to the true north 400 years before Europe.

Guo Shoujing

Era:
1231-1316
Hometown:

He deducecd there are 365.425 days in a year and made improvemetns to astronomical instruments.

Xu Guangqi

Era:
1562-1633
Hometown:

He did one of the first trestises on agriculture and translated western text to Chinese.

Song Yingxing

Era:
1587-1666
Hometown:

He wrote an encyclopedia on a range of techncial subjects including the use of gunpower.

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