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Imperial China Qing Dynasty

Qing Dynasty lasted from 1644 to 1911. This is a period when China was under Manchu rule.

Reign Name :

Tianming

Temple Name:
Taizu
Posthumous Name:
Gaodi
Name:
Nurhaci
Reign Years:
1616 to 1626

Unified Manchus

In 1582, Nurhaci defeated other Jurchen tribes and unite them. In 1625, Nurhaci conqured Shenyang and make it the Manchurian capital.

Conquest of Shenyang

In 1625, Nurhaci conqured Shenyang and make it the Manchurian capital.

Nurhaci died in 1626.

Tiancong / Chongde

Temple Name:
Taizong
Posthumous Name:
Wendi
Name:
Huangtaiji
Reign Years:
1626 to 1643

Hong Taiji continue to strengthen his artillery and continued to attack the Ming Empire. He renamed thier Empire from Later Jin to Great Qing Empire.

Emperor Shunzhi

Temple Name:
Shizu
Posthumous Name:
Zhangdi
Name:
Fulin
Reign Years:
1643 to 1661

Emperor Shunzhi was a 5 years old child and the regent, Dorgon ruled on behalf of the Emperor.

Wu Sangui, the general guarding the Great Wall at Shanhai Pass sided the Manchus during the internal conflict with Li Zhicheng. Manchu tropps entered Shanhai pass and conqured Beijing in 1644.

Fulin announced founding of new dynasty in China on 30 October 1644. The new dyansty focused on conquring the rest of China. Emperor Shunzhi was a 5 years old child and the regent, Dorgon ruled on behalf ofthe Emperor. 13 years old Emperor Shunzhi ruled the empire himself from 1650 when Dorgon passed away.

Fulin announced founding of new dynasty in China on 30 October 1644. The new dyansty focused on conquring the rest of China. 13 years old Emperor Shunzhi ruled the empire himself from 1650 when Dorgon passed away.

Ming officals were reappointed to help stablised the empire. Ming officials and military leadres were persuaded to surrender. In 1645, Dorgon decreed all Ming men to have Manchu-style pigtails. Those who resisted were massacred. In 1646, Imperial exams was reestablished and continued till 1911.

Emperor Kangxi

Temple Name:
Shengzu
Posthumous Name:
Rendi
Name:
Xuanye
Reign Years:
1661 to 1722

In 1661, Emperor Kangxi restricted foreign trade to Guangzhou, Xiamen, Songjiang and Ningbo.

Emperor Yongzheng

Temple Name:
Shizong
Posthumous Name:
Xiandi
Name:
Yinzhen
Reign Years:
1722 to 1735

Emperor Yongzhen continued the policies of the previous Empreror and continued Qing Empire's prosperous period.

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Emperor Qianlong

Temple Name:
Gaozong
Posthumous Name:
Chundi
Name:
Hongji
Reign Years:
1735 to 1796

Emperor Qianlong ruled over the golden age of the Qing Empire. He ruled for 61 years. The empire grew to second largest in land area in Chinese history. Chinese literature also experienced huge growth. One of the four great classic novel "Dream of the Red Chamber" was written during this time.

Emperor Qianling's greed resulted in decline of the empire. The costly invasion of Vietnam and Burma from 1695 to 1769 failed.

Emperor Jiaqing

Temple Name:
Renzong
Posthumous Name:
Ruidi
Name:
Yongyan
Reign Years:
1796 to 1820

Emperor Jiaqing ruled over the period when the empire started to decline. The period of western missionary to China started.

Emperor Daoguang

Temple Name:
Xuanzong
Posthumous Name:
Chengdi
Name:
Minning
Reign Years:
1820 to 1850

Emperor Daoguang ruled over the period when the Qing Empire when to war with Europe.

1839-1842 First Opium War

Emperor Xianfeng

Temple Name:
Wenzong
Posthumous Name:
Xiandi
Name:
Yizhu
Reign Years:
1850 to 1861

Taiping Rebellion 1851-1864

Emperor Xianfeng ruled over the period with internal rebellions

Three other Rebellions 1854-1873

Miao people rebellion around 1800 and 1854-1873, Panthay rebellion in Yunnan 1855-1873, Hakka people and Punit people ethnic war 1855-1867.

1856-1860 Second Opium War

Emperor Tongzhi

Temple Name:
Muzong
Posthumous Name:
Yidi
Name:
Zaichun
Reign Years:
1861 to 1875

Emperor Tongzhi was the emperor but the real ruler was Empress Dowager from 1861 - 1908.

During this period, there were the Muslim Revolt 1864-1877, Famines 1876-1879 and 1907. There was also the Huang River flooding in 1887. There was also the economic crisis in later 1800 when western imports caused unployment.

Emperor Guangxu

Temple Name:
Dezong
Posthumous Name:
Jingdi
Name:
Zaitian
Reign Years:
1875 to 1908

Empress Dowager continues the rule. Japanese took Taiwan and Liaoning 1894-5. In 1898, Emperor Guangxu was imprisoned by Cixi. Boxer rebellion started in 1900.

1 August 1894 - 17 April 1895 First Sino-Japanese War

Emperor Xuantong

Temple Name:
Gongzong
Posthumous Name:
Xundi
Name:
Puyi
Reign Years:
1908 to 1911

Empress Dowager died in 1908. 2 years old Emperor Xuantong became the last emperor. The emperor's father Prince Zaifeng became the regent. The revolution by Dr Sun Yet Sun overthrow the Qing Dynasty in 1911.

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