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Imperial China Tang Dynasty

Tang Dynasty lasted from 618 to 907.

Reign Name :

Emperor Gaozu

Temple Name:
Gaozu
Name:
Li Yuan
Reign Years:
18 June 618 to 4 September 626

Li Yuan was a governor in the Sui Dynasty government. He rebeled, conquered Sui dynasty's capital, Chagnan, and put a child as Emperor Gong of Sui Dynasty. In 818, Emperor gong abdicated the throne. Li Yuan, took the throne and founded Tang Dynasty.

Emperor Taizong

Temple Name:
Taizong
Name:
Li Shimin
Reign Years:
4 September 626 to 10 July 649

In 626, Emperor Taizu retired and Emperor Taizong took the throne. Emperor Taizong introduced imperial exams and promoted Buddhism. The silkroad flourished during this period and the empire started to reach the height of its power.

Emperor Gaozong

Temple Name:
Gaozong
Name:
Li Zhi
Reign Years:
15 July 649 to 27 December 683

Emperor Gaozong ruled over this stable period. His second wife Wu Zetian helped him to rule.

Emperor Zhongzong

Temple Name:
Zhongzong
Posthumous Name:
Li Xian
Name:
Reign Years:
684, 705 to 710

Emperor Zhongzong ruled temporarily.

Emperor Ruizong

Temple Name:
Ruizong
Posthumous Name:
Li Dan
Name:
Reign Years:
27 February 684 to 8 October 690, 710-712

Emperor Ruizong ruled temporarily

Empress Wu Zetian

Temple Name:
Wu Zetian
Name:
Zhu Zhanji
Reign Years:
690 to 705

Wu Zetian dethroned the emperor and ruled. The dynasty was called Zhou dynasty or Wu Zhou dynasty. The capital was moved from Chang an to Luoyang. She was forced to abdicate and Emperor Zhongzong ruled again.

Emperor Zhongzong

Temple Name:
Zhongzong
Name:
Li xian / Li Zhe
Reign Years:
23 February 705 to 3 July 710

Emperor Shang

Temple Name:
Shang
Name:
Li Chongmao
Reign Years:
8 July 710 to 25 July 710

Emperor Ruizong

Temple Name:
Ruizong
Name:
Li Dan
Reign Years:
25 July 710 to 8 September 712

Emperor Xuanzong

Temple Name:
Xuanzong
Name:
Li Longji
Reign Years:
8 September 712 to 12 August 756

Emperor Xuanzong brought the empire to its golden age. Towards the end of his rule, poor handling of the state affairs and infatuation with consort Yang Guifeng led to decline of the empire. The An Lushan Rebellion broke out in 755. It lasted 8 years and severely weaken the empire. The empire also faced with natural disasters and invasions and peasant rebellions.

Emperor Suzong

Temple Name:
Suzong
Name:
Li Heng
Reign Years:
12 August 756 to 16 May 762

Emperor Suzong supressed the An Shi Rebellion during this rule.

Emperor Daizong

Temple Name:
Daizong
Name:
Li Yu
Reign Years:
18 May 762 to 23 May 779

Emperor Daizong successfully supressed the An Shi rebellion. Hisd focus on building Buddhist temples strained the empire's finance.

Emperor Dezong

Temple Name:
Dezong
Name:
Li Shi
Reign Years:
12 June 779 to 25 February 805

Emperor Dezong tried to control the power of Fan Zhen but failed.

Emperor Shunzong

Temple Name:
Shunzong
Name:
Li Song
Reign Years:
28 February 805 to 31 August 805

Emperor Shunzong introduced reforms to improve the administration of Tang court.

Emperor Xianzong

Temple Name:
Xianzong
Name:
Li Chun
Reign Years:
5 September 805 to 14 February 820

Emperor Xianzong faced powerful eunuchs and was killed by one of them.

Emperor Muzong

Temple Name:
Muzong
Name:
Li Heng
Reign Years:
20 February 820 to 25 February 824

Emperor Muzong neglected his duties and alllowed teh regional military governors to be too powerful.

Emperor Jingzong

Temple Name:
Jingzong
Name:
Li Zhan
Reign Years:
29 February 824 to 9 January 827

Emperor Jingzong ruled but was controlled by the corrupted officals and eunuchs

Emperor Wenzong

Temple Name:
Wenzong
Name:
Li Ang
Reign Years:
13 February 827 to 10 Fenruary 840

Emperor Wenzong ruled but was controlled by the corrupted eunuchs

Emperor Wuzong

Temple Name:
Wuzong
Name:
Li Yan
Reign Years:
20 February 840 to 22 February 846

Emperor Wuzong started the persecution of Buddhism.

Emperor Xuanzong

Temple Name:
Xuanzong
Name:
Li Yan
Reign Years:
25 April 846 to 7 September 859

Emperor Xuanzong encouraged development of culture and technology.

Emperor Yizong

Temple Name:
Yizong
Name:
Li Cui
Reign Years:
13 September 846 to 15 August 873

The empire started to decline during Emperor Yizong's rule.

Emperor Xizong

Temple Name:
Xizong
Name:
Li Xuan
Reign Years:
16 August 873 to 20 April 888

Tbhe Huang Chao rebellion broke out during Emperor Xizong's rulend weaken the empire.

Emperor Zhaozong

Temple Name:
Zhaozong
Name:
Li Ye
Reign Years:
16 August 873 to 20 April 888

Emperor Zhaozong ruled over a period of chaos and rebellions.

Emperor Zhaoxuan

Temple Name:
Zhaoxuan
Name:
Li Zhu
Reign Years:
26 September 904 to 12 May 907

Emperor Zhaoxuan was posioned by Chancellor Zhu Wen who later founded Later Liang Dynasty.

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