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Japanese Castles

Japan's Castles were built from mid 15th to 17th century for military purpose and to control the strategic areas. The construction of Azuchi castle from 1576 to 1579 changed the use of castles to become the political, cultural and economic centres for the region that military lords control. The castles was also used as homes for the military lords, his family and followers.

There are around 5000 in ancient times.

There are now 12 original castles in Japan. Others had been reconstructed while the rest are castle ruins.

In 2006, the Japanese Castle Foundation developed a list of Japan's Top 100 castles.

Original Castles :

The Tokugawa shotgunate started to limit one castle to each province and ban the building of new ones. The rest castles were destroyed in wars, or dismantled. Some castles were reconstructed after WWII.

Reconstructed Castles
Kanto Region :
Kansai Region :
Chubu Region :
Chugoku Region :
Shikoku Region :
Kyushu Region :

Other castles are now left as castle ruins or used as castle ruins park.

Castle Ruins
Kanto Region :
Kansai Region :
Chubu Region :
Chugoku Region :
Shikoku Region :
Kyushu Region :

Hemeji-jo

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Castle

Hikone Castle

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Hikone Castle

Marugama Castle

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Marugama Castle

1 of 12 castles wth original tenshu (keeps) in Japan.

Marugama Castle

The castle has the largest castle mount in Japan formed by a man make hill more than 50m high.

Kochi Castle

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Kochi Castle

One of the few original castles in Japan.

Kochi Castle

One of the few original castles in Japan.

Kochi Castle Trick Gate

One of the few original castles in Japan.

Shurijo Castle

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Shurijo Castle Seiden, Shurijo Castle Park, Naha City

Okinawa Shurijo Castle Seiden, Shurijo Castle Park, Naha City

Houshinmon, Shurijo Castle Park, Naha City

Kankaimon, Shurijo Castle Park, Naha City

Sonohyan-utaki Stone Gate, Shurijo Castle Park, Naha City

Shureimon, Shurijo Castle Park, Naha City

Kokura Castle

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Kokura Castle

A reconstructed castle. The original castle was built in 1602 during the Edo period and destroyed in 1866.

Kumamoto Castle

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Kumamoto Castle

Okayama Castle

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Okayama
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Okayama
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Okayama Castle

Saga Castle

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Ruins of Saga Castle

The remaining original castle gate. The orginal castle was destroyed in 1874.

Saga Castle History Museum

A reconstruction of the original castle and used as a museum now. It is Japan's largest wooden reconstructed castle.

Wayakama Castle

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Wayakama Castle and Ohashi Rouka Bridge

A reconstructed castle.

Wayakama Castle

A reconstructed castle.

Wayakama Castle

A reconstructed castle.

Wayakama Castle

A reconstructed castle.

Edo Castle

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City:
Toyko
Prefecture:
Tokyo
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Edo Castle

Fukui Castle Ruins

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City:
Fukui
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Fukui
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Fukui Castle Ruins

Kitanosho Castle Remains

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Fukui
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Fukui
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Kitanosho Castle Remains

Komoro Castle Ruins

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City:
Komoro
Prefecture:
Nagano
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Komoro Castle Ruins

Takaoka Castle Ruins

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Nanto
Prefecture:
Toyama
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Takaoka Castle Ruins

Nakijin Castle Ruins

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Nakijin Castle Ruins, Nago City

10 mins car ride from Ocean Expo Park.

Nakijin Castle Ruins, Nago City

10 mins car ride from Ocean Expo Park.

Nakijin Castle Ruins, Nago City

10 mins car ride from Ocean Expo Park.

Ueon Castle

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City:
Iga Mie City
Prefecture:
Mie
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Ueno Castle

Osaka Castle

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Osaka City
Prefecture:
Osaka
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Osaka Castle

The castle played a key role in the reunification of Japan during the Azuchi-Momoyama period in the 16th century. It was first constructed in 1597. It was destroyed and reconstructed several times. Current castle was rebuilt in 1997.

Odawara Castle

Location:
City:
Odawara City
Prefecture:
Kanagawa
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Odawara Castle

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