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Historical Timeline of Japan

In the prehistoric period Japan develop from hunters and gathers towards the Jomon period where the stone age starts. They start to live in groups, start using stones, bones as stone tools and jewellery and making pottery.The Yayoi period started during the Neolithic age, went through the Bronze Age and ended at the start of the Iron Age. They started new ways of making pottery and intensive rice cultivation in paddy fields. In the Kofun period, started to be ruled under a single kingdom. This period is known for the large burial mounds for the rulers.



Prehistoric Japan:

During the Classical Japan, The Emperor of Japan ruled over the country and Buddhism was introduced to the country. In the Nara period, Chinese technology and culture was introduced and Buddhism became the state religion. In the Heian period, the imperial court reached the peak of their power and Buddhism, Taoism and Chinese influence were at its peak too.

Classical Japan

In the Medieval period, Japan was ruled by the shogun while the imperial court maintained bureaucratic and religious roles. The Kamakura shogunate ruled from 1185 till 1333. This period give rise to samurai, warrior castles. They repelled 2 Mongol invasions but was greatly weaken and contributed to the shogunate's downfall. The Kamakura period ended with the Gempei War between the ruling Taira and Minamoto clan.

Muromachi Period started after the short 2 years Imperial rule. The Muromachi shogunate ruled till 1568 when Oda Nobunaga entered Kyoto and started the Azuchi-Momoyama period.

Medieval Japan

The Edo period started after Tokugawa Leyasu won the Battle of Sekigahara in 1600. The Tokugawa shogunate ruled from Edo city till 1868 when they lost the Boshin war.

Early Modern Japan

Prehistoric Japan: Paleolithic Period

Timeline:
30,000 - 10,000 BC
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Prehistoric Japan: Jomon Period

Timeline:
14,000 - 1,000 BC
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Prehistoric Japan: Yayoi Period

Timeline:
1,000 BC - 300
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Prehistoric Japan: Kofun Period

Timeline:
300-538
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Clasical Japan: Asuka Period

Timeline:
538-710
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Clasical Japan: Nara Period

Timeline:
710-794
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Todai-ji

This temple was sponsored by the Imperial Court and opened in 752. Emperor Shomo increased the promotion of Buddhism during a long period of natural disasters and pandemic.

Clasical Japan: Heian Period

Timeline:
794-1185
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Medieval Japan: Kamakura Period

Timeline:
1185-1333
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Medieval Japan: Muromachi Period

Timeline:
1333-1568
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Kinkaku-ji

The temple was constructed in 1397 by shogun Ashikaga Yoshimitsu.

Medieval Japan: Azuchi-Momoyama Period

Timeline:
1568-1600
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1586, Construction of Osaka Castle

Toyotomi Hideyoshi built Osaka Castle.

Early Modern Japan: Edo Period

Timeline:
1600-1868
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2 February 1868 Boshin War Fall of Osaka Castle

Osaka Castle was the stronghold of the Tokugawa shogunate. After the battle of Toba-Fushimi, the Osaka Castle was captured by the pro Imperial forces. The Edo period ended in 1868 after the Tokugawa shogun Tokugawa Yoshinobu resigned.

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