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Liberation War

Liberation War lasted from 20 July 1946 to 1 October 1949. It was a civil war between the Kuomintang and the Communists. It started with the Kuomintang having better weapons and more troops. They attacked the Communists and captured their base in Yanan. Kuomintang lost their best troops after the 3 Campaigns. In the final stage of the war, the Communist cross the Changjiang river and took over the southern China while Kuomintang fleed to Taiwan.

Period :

Start of War


20 July 1946

Kuomintang's Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek ordered a large scale attack marking the start of Liberation War. The Communist avoid the mian forces of Kuomintang.

March 1947

Kuomintang captured the Communist's capital of Yan'an. Chairman Mao Zedong and the party leaders stayed in Yanan Date Garden before their retreated from Yannan.

Liaoshen Campaign


September to November 1948

The Communist's People Liberation Army started the first major campaign in the Liberation war. They defeated the Kuomingtan's Nationalist forces in the whole of northeast China after 52 days of fighting.

September to November 1948

Huaihai Campaign


6 Novmber 1948 to 10 January 1949

The People's Liberation Army fought for the area centre around Xuzhou and surrounding key cities Haizhou, Zhaozhuang, Shangqiu and Bengbu. The PLA won in this campaign while the Nationalist lost some of their best troops and american equipment.

Memorial Park to the Martyrs of the Huaihai Campaign
Statues of Five Generals

Memorial Park to the Martyrs of the Huaihai Campaign
Huai Hai Campaign Museum

Huaihai Campaign Museum

Pingjin Campaign


29 November 1948 to 31 January 1949

The 64 days campaign resulted in Communist taking over North China. The campaign started with People's Liberation Army liberating Zhangjiakou and Xinbao'an. Tianjin was liberated after the final attack on 14 January 1949 that lasted 29 hours. Beijing was liberated when the PLA entered Beiping on 31 January 1949 after Nationalist Commander Fu Zuoyi negotiated a peace settlement and surrendered. Pingjin Campaign Museum is in Tianjin City.

Pingjin Campaign Museum Hero Tank

This tank was the first tank captured by the People's Liberation Army and saw action in Liaoshen and Pingjing Campaign.

Jintang Bridge

Built in 1906, its one of the earliest iron bridge in Tianjin and the only existing 3 bay structured swing bridge in China. On 15 January 1949, the 2 main forces of the PLA meet at the the bridge to liberate Tianjin.

End of War


8 May 1948

PLA liberated Weixian County in Shangdong province after fighting from 2 April to 8 May 1948.

24 August 1948

PLA liberated Jinan after fighting from 16 to 24 August 1948. Liberation Pavilion was built on top of the old city wall to commemorate the liberation of Jinan by People's Liberation Army.

9.30am, 20 April 1949 Amethyst Incident

The British naval ship HMS Amethyst was fired by the PLA near Jiangyin. This was the last battle British fought in China. The incident ended with all foreign ships leaving China's waterways.

23 April 1949

PLA liberated Nanjing.

May 1949

PLA liberated Wuhan.

2 June 1949

PLA liberated Shanghai from fighting from 12 May to 2 June 1949.

5 August 1949

Peaceful liberation of Changsha.

25 September 1949

Nationalist General Tao Zhiyue surrendered to Communist in Xinjiang. On 12 October 1949, the PLA entered Xinjiang. Urumqi People's Square Monument to the People's Liberation Army's March into Xinjiang

1 October 1949

Chairman Mao declared founding of the People's Republic of China at Tiananmen.

14 October 1949

Liberation of Guangzhou. After 34 days of fighting, most areas in Guangzhou province was liberated.

22 November 1949

Guilin liberated after fighting.

9 December 1949

Peaceful liberation of Kunming after Lu Han staged an uprising.

10 December 1949

Chiang Kai-shek boarded flew from Chengdu to Taiwan. Chiang Kai-shek proclaimed Taipei as the temporary capital of Republic of China.

10 December 1949

Chengdu liberated by PLA.

25 - 27 October 1949

PLA's attempt to liberate Jinmen island failed.

30 November 1949

PLA liberated Chongqing.

11 December 1949

PLA liberated areas in Guangxi and Guangdong Provinces.

April 1950

PLA liberated Hainan Island.

May 1950

PLA liberated Zhoushan Island.

25 May to 7 August 1950

PLA liberated Wanshou Archipelago off coast of Guangzhou province.

23 May 1951

Peaceful liberation of Tibet after April 1951 negotiations in Beijing.

18 January to 2 February 1955

PLA liberated Yijiangshan Island off coast of Zhejiang province. This battle was delayed till the end of Korea War. It was the last battle between Kuomingtang and Communist PLA.

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